Situated along the coast, 14 km south of Pesaro, Fano was originally settled by the pre-roman population of the Piceni, and later became an important Roman colony, known as “Fanum Fortunae” in honor of the “Temple of Fortune” probably erected in memory of the battle of Metauro (207 BC). In the middle ages, the city was at the head of the maritime Pentapolis, formed by five towns: Fano, Rimini, Pesaro, Senigallia and Ancona. Since the end of the twelfth century, it was ruled by the Malatesta family, until 1463, when Sigismondo Malatesta surrendered after a long siege, which heavily damaged the Arch of Augustus, symbol of the city and gateway to this ancient Roman colony. The old town still boasts important historical and religious buildings, such as the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, San Paterniano, the Palazzo del Podesta and the Palazzo Malatesta and many artistic works are preserved in the Town Museums or Federiciana Library.
Fano is renowned as the city of Carnival: every year in february, the town prepares for what is considered the oldest carnival in Italy, famous for the throwing of candy and sweets to the crowds, from the carts filing during the carnival parade.